Enhanced anticancer activity of multi-walled carbon nanotube-methotrexate conjugates using cleavable linkers

Methotrexate was tethered to multi-walled carbon nanotubes through different cleavable linkers exploiting the ammonium functionalities introduced by 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of azomethine ylides to the nanotubes. The new nanobio-hybrid conjugates were internalized into human breast cancer cells and it was shown that the cytotoxic activity was strongly dependent on the presence and type of linker.